Most prominent cities in the world pink during the month of October, as this color is a global symbol of breast cancer awareness, the disease, which affects about two million women around the world each year, and is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women.
In 1985 October was chosen to be a month of breast cancer awareness globally, events are held to support raising awareness of breast cancer as a ways to prevent it.
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancers in the world in women with a rate of 22% in all cancer cases. Statistic shows in recent years that cancer rates have been rising steadily in low and middle-income women due to increased life expectancy, rising urbanization rates and the adoption of Western lifestyles About 1,380,000 new cases of breast cancer occur annually, and four hundred and fifty-eight thousand related deaths (International Agency for Research on Cancer). In Saudi Arabia The number of new cancer cases in 2741 the case of approximately 19.9% of cancers in women is breast cancer It is also ranked the first women cancer locally, the figures are not far away, but the difference between Saudi Arabia," and the United States in terms of the age of the patient and the stage of the disease when detected, in the United States, 50% of new cases of breast cancer in women over the age of 65 years of age, while here occur at the age of 52 years. In terms of the stage of the disease developed countries discover the disease in the early stages, while in developing countries are still large numbers diagnosed in late stages.
Breast cancer campaign is an effort to raise awareness and reduce the stigma of breast cancer, through the identification of symptoms and treatment. Organizers hoped that knowledge will lead to early detection of breast cancer, which will lead to higher rates of survival in the long term, the breast cancer cure rates become high these days, thanks to the good awareness, early detection as well as new methods of treatment. Therefore Hope still exists
Given the importance of early detection, "Mayo Clinic" with the American Cancer Society issued a report recommends that women by forty years should be screened annually
Health education team in Saudi Enaya aims to provide useful scientific information regarding most of health problems.
We strive to discover means to offer helping hand to our member, identify their needs, and help them to pass the problem and find cure.
If you seek trustful medical information or useful health tips, you will find them here.
If you wish to learn more about mode of spread of diseases and how to protect yourself , boost your immunity and always be in a good health look no further ...
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Health education team
Causes: There are many reasons for Childhood obesity, including bad habits, like the wide spread of Fast Food with high-calories and harmful content. Unfortunately, most families in which both parents in work depend on these meals to feed their children .Video games and electronic devices prevent kinetic activities (which play an important role in maintaining healthy weight). Genes may play a minor role in obesity, yet, the biggest factors are food& movement.
Also there are psychological causes: behavior issues, depression, lack of self-esteem, and learning difficulties.
Treatment: prevention is always better than cure.so, once the mother observes bad nutritional habits on her child, such as relying on fatty meals or adopting fast food and refuse to eat healthy, she should take that as an indicator of risk. And begin to teach him health food choices, and encourage physical activity, If the child is actually obese, parents should consult nutritionists and develop a treatment plan, so he would not face complications of obesity.
Obesity related psychological and physical problems:
• Child deserts school, becomes introvert and avoids playing with his mates, out of fear of sarcasm.
• Difficulty in movement and feeling tired quickly, also difficulty sleeping and apnea
• Obesity persists after puberty and child becomes obese adult.
• Chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, cholesterol and heart problems.
Colorectal cancer is the most common among men in the KSA and the second after breast cancer among women. However, by screening and early detection of this type of cancer, it can be cured,
and by following simple preventive steps you can dramatically reduce its risk. Most cases of colon cancer begin with a group of benign cells in the form of small growths called polyps.
But with time they could transform to cancer, which at firstsmall in size, causing some symptoms. Detecting these polyps at an early stage prevents its transformation into tumors.
* Age of 50 or older.
** In accordance with:
· Personal or family history for this type of cancer or other cancers...
· Personal or family history of ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease
*** Diet high in fat and low in fiber, sedentary lifestyle, and lack of exercises
Colorectal cancer begins without any symptoms at all, but with time it reveals symptoms that can be considered as RED FLAGs:
Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool.
Change in bowel movement, especially in nature and shape of the stool.
Cramps and pain in the lower abdomen area.
Gases or desire to defecate, while there is no need for it.
Unexplained Weight loss, with feeling of fatigue continuously.
Blood in stool could be an early sign to colorectal cancer, but it could be something else. For example, the presence of bright blood after defecation is most often a result of hemorrhoids or anal fissure, also some foods and medicines can cause it...so, if you see any change in color of stool visit your doctor to make sure there are no serious diseases God forbid
Prevention. If you’re 50 years or older, get screened for colorectal cancer regularly. Screening help finding precancerous polyps. It also finds this cancer early, when treatment can be most effective.
Be physically active, maintain a healthy weight and don’t smoke.
Autism is a disorder that usually appears in children before the age of 3. It affects the development of the child in three ways:
* Language & how he speaks
* Social skills or how to respond to others and communicate with them
* Behavior, or how to react in certain situations
-there Are different types of autism. The symptoms vary from one child to another. It affects children of all races and nationalities
- Currently there is no cure. But early discovery of the case allow to benefit from the many treatment options that can help a person his family and surroundings to adapt with it
Some Adults with autism can work to support themselves. But others need a lot of help, especially those who have poor mental development or who do not have the ability to speak or communicate.
The quality of life of an autistic child at various stages of development depends on
* Early diagnosis and management
* Severity of the condition
* Intensity and efficiency of the treatment that the child receives
Through early diagnosis and intensive treatment, most children with autism improve and gain ability to communicate with others and serve themselves when they grow up
Asthma is a chronic disease that happens due to genetic or environmental factors, as pollution, smoking, also some diseases can cause it such as viral respiratory infection or esophageal reflux. The disease is caused by inflammation and narrowing of the airways of the lungs; leading to frequent bouts of shortness of breath with whistling in the chest occur after exposure to situations causing, and/ or inhaling substances that irritate the respiratory system. These attacks vary in severity and frequency from person to person, and they are more common among children.
Symptoms: symptoms ranging from minor to severe, and vary from one person to another, including: shortness of breath, contractions or pain in the chest that may cause sleep disorder .wheezing on exhaling and frequent coughing.
Treatment: There is no final solution for patients with asthma, but treating asthma aims to provide drugs and means to assist reach stability of the stage of the disease, reduce the number of acute attacks as much as possible, and for the patient to live as normal life as possible, the treatment include: bronchodilators anti-inflammatories, antihistamines and immune therapies
Prevention and control of asthma attacks: Prevention of internal and external allergic stimuli, follow up with the physician and commit to his instructions, keep overall health and fitness, eating a healthy diet, light exercise, quit smoking, and refrain from sitting with smokers, avoiding the factors leading to a attacks , taking the seasonal influenza vaccine to alleviate the flu.
Tobacco affects the body parts that come in direct contact with it, such as lungs and mouth, but the harm caused by smoking does not stop at this point. As nicotine finds its way into the blood to spread to all parts of the body
Respiratory system: toxic gases and tar molecules spread into the pharynx larynx and lungs. Over time, these chemicals lead to damage, not only increasing the risk of cancer in all of them, but also the risk of pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema
Cardiovascular: Smoking dramatically increases the risk of heart and blood vessels diseases, as high blood pressure could happen due to deposition of cholesterol and clots on the wall of the vessels, it also increases the risk of coronary artery disease, heart attacks, stroke and Aortic Aneurysm.
Digestive System: smoking can cause heartburn, or make it more frequent and severe. Smoker is more vulnerable to ulcers; also healing of ulcers in smokers is much slower than in non-smokers. Smoking also harms the function of the liver.
Nervous system: Smoking causes tiredness and fatigue and affect the acuity of the five senses, also two of the leading causes of vision loss in the elderly (cataracts, and macular degeneration) is more common in smokers
Skeletal muscle: Studies have linked between smoking and the osteoporosis especially in women
Skin & Appearance: smoking lead to skin wrinkles, smelly mouth, colored teeth, yellow fingernails, as well as the unpleasant smell of smoke in hair and clothes
Reproductive system: In men smoking leads to problems in sexual ability, for women, leads to early menopause. Complications of pregnancy (bleeding, increased rates of abortion and stillbirths), as well increase fetal risks such as brain damage, cerebral palsy and later behavioral disorders)
Risks confined to lady smokers: more likely to develop lung cancer than men within the same age and similar history of smoking. Though the disease comes second after breast cancer in prevalence in women, yet, it is the leading cause of cancer deaths among them, more than cancers of the breast, ovary, uterus and cervical cancer combined.
Millions of Muslims suffering from diabetes – May Allah grant them healing– insist on fasting in Ramadan, (May Allah bless all Muslims and grant them good health and wellness), but the question is: can all diabetics fast? There is no doubt that diabetics have special status in Ramadan, fasting is not safe for everyone, and even those who will fast need special guidance
Latest researches recommended categorizing diabetic patients in terms of the possibility of fasting into three categories: Green, Yellow, and Red Patients
Green (moderate/low risk) includes people with well-controlled type2 diabetes who either take no medications or only drugs that aren't associated with hypoglycemia .If these patients fast, they are advised to check their blood glucose levels regularly and adjust medication dose as per the guideline's recommendations.
Patients falling into the higher-risk "yellow" category are generally advised not to fast; yet, exceptions can be made under supervision of their physician. Included in this category are type 2 patients in poor control and type 1 patients who are well-controlled, pregnant women with type 2 or gestational diabetes, and those with stage 3 chronic kidney disease.
Those in the highest "red" risk level are absolutely advised not to fast. These include patients with either severe hypoglycemia or Ketoacidosis within the 3 months prior to Ramadan; a history of hypoglycemic unawareness, poorly controlled type1 diabetes, or advanced vascular complications.
Patients in either the yellow or red categories who insist on fasting should be counseled to receive structured education, be followed by physicians or qualified diabetes team, and check blood glucose regularly. Most important, those patients must be prepared to break the fast in case of hypo/hyperglycemia or worsening of other medical conditions. Diabetics who fast should also be aware that the critical period for them is the time that precede Maghrib prayer with an hour or two, as the level of sugar reaches its lowest, so they should rest and avoid stress, yet, they should also avoid sleep, as hypoglycemia could happened during sleep which is fatal.
Most people suffer from headache in Ramadan, this headaches which varies in intensity and duration, results from various factors, including lack of sugar, lack of caffeine, changing sleep patterns and stress of fasting
In a prospective study conducted in the University of Malaya titled: is a fasting causing headache? Researchers found that: Persons exposed to headaches at other times of the year are the most vulnerable to headache in the fasting period, yet, some patients who suffer from headaches during fasting does not have a history of headaches or migraines
How to eliminate headache in Ramadan :
Caffeine withdrawal is of the most common headache causes during fasting, patients can avoid headaches by reducing caffeine consumption before Ramadan.
Low blood sugar can also cause headache in many people, especially with consumption of a meal with a high sugar content on Suhour, it can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels followed by fast decline due to the production of a large amount of insulin, a meal with a low sugar high fiber content before fasting may prevent headache during the day.
Lack of an adequate amount of fluids can also cause headaches, when the brain discovers that water supply is very low, it releases chemicals which cause pain, fatigue and headache, to avoid that you must obtain a sufficient amount of fluids between Fajr & Maghreb, especially by Suhur time.
Also those who suffer from headaches, especially in Ramadan, should avoid exposure to the stimuli cause headaches, as: fluid retention, stress, fatigue and lack of sleep, as most studies have shown that rest and sleep often help prevent exposure to headache and pain.
Ramadan is the month for the training of body and soul on patience, commitment and self-restrain and leaving some bad eating habits that affect our health, it is also a valuable opportunity to adopt a healthy lifestyle, rduce body weight and control blood sugar levels, as fasting leads to activation of all the body systems, allows the body to get rid of accumulated wastes and lowers the level of lipids in the blood. It is important to follow a healthy balanced diet that includes different kinds of foods, in order to get all nutrients needed by the body, unfortunately most of us do not follow these roles, on the contrary, nearly everyone in Ramadan suffers from dyspepsia, bloating and heartburn digestive and constipation due to eating quickly & more than our need, also excessive intake of fat and spices, soft drinks, not eating vegetables & fruits, lack of drinking fluids, lethargy and lack of activity, doing so we glut ourselves and be prone to health risks.
To ensure a healthy fasting, follow these tips:
Eat slowly ; drink adequate amounts of water between Iftar and Suhoor to supply the body with fluid during the day.
Avoid drinking carbonated beverages when eating as they adversely affects the digestive process, lack nutritional value and also increase weight
Increased intake of dietary fiber and eating salad, vegetables and fruit every day in good quantities. .
Exercise in the evening (for thirty minutes) two hours after any meal
Obesity is fast turning out to be a major cause of concern for the Kingdom with seven out of 10 Saudis suffering from obesity, and 37 percent of Saudi women facing problems related to overweight. A study had revealed that half billion SR per year was spent by people suffering from obesity in the Kingdom on treatment.
A cultural shift to take-away food in general and in Ramadan in particular is easily noticeable in the kingdom; it is reflected in the long lines that form outside of fast food restaurants, even very late at night, this new unhealthy trend along with traditional bad eating habits developed in the holy month, complicate the problem of obesity rather than improving it.
Experts agree that fasting itself isn't the problem, so much as how it's practiced, they all imply “If you do it right, fasting can be very effective for weight loss, the problem is we do it wrong “
**Tips to get rid of obesity in Ramadan:
*Try to replace fried and fatty foods with grilled foods, and avoid eating two types of carbohydrates together, such as rice& pasta or bread and potatoes*Always eat small portions to avoid consuming large amounts of food
*Replace white bread with whole grain bread *Eat a balanced nutritious satisfying meal, and avoid over eating till you glut
*Having dessert directly after breakfast leads to accumulation of fat in the body and increases obesity and cholesterol, so, if you want to eat sweets that must be addressed after the Taraweeh prayers and have a small piece only *Fruit is considered an excellent source of vitamins and minerals needed by the body in Ramadan and help fight obesity and lose weight
*Suhoor meal should contain healthy food combination such as dates and milk or yogurt with cucumber, that will work to burn fat
What is Cancer: A generic term that includes a group of diseases that can affect any part of the body at any stage of life.
Can cancer affect children?
….There are 12 types of cancer that may affect children, leukemia and brain cancer are of the most famous types of cancer that affects children. Cancer risk increases in infants and decrease as they get older.
According to the statistics of KSA Ministry of Health in 2007, Children's Cancer represents 7% of all cancers in the kingdom; blood cancer (leukemia) is the most common type of cancers in children in Saudi Arabia represents 34.6%.
…Cancer is generally rapid growth of abnormal cells that can spread and invade adjacent as well as nonadjacent tissues.
Though cancer causes is not known , but there are some factors that may lead to childhood cancer:
* Down or other chromosomal aberrations syndrome.
* Exposure to viral infection plays a big role in the incidence of childhood cancers such as cancers of the liver and Kaposi sarcoma.
* Exposure to ionizing radioactive sources in childhood may expose to cancer, especially leukemia
What are the main symptoms and signs of the disease? ... Depends on the type of cancer:
Blood cancer can cause anemia, recurrent abnormal bleeding or bruising and infections. Brain cancer causes frequent headaches, morning sickness and general weakness and vision problems, while cancer of the lymphatic system causes lymph nodes to swell.
…Doctor would perform few tests and examinations, depending on the type, such as:
* Clinical examination: To search for any lumps or changes in the body parts or even skin color.
* Laboratory tests: to take a blood sample to detect ‘for example’ leukemia
* Radiology: to examine bones and internal organs
* Biopsy: the procedure depends on the type of cancer, it is considered the best way for diagnosis
* Initial treatment: removal of cancer cells by surgery
* Supportive therapy: killing remaining cancer cells after surgery by chemotherapy or radiation, sometimes chemotherapy or radiation is the first line of treatment as in cancer blood.
* Palliative therapy: a treatment in order to control the complications of the disease
* Psychotherapy& family support: family plays a major role in alleviating the suffering of cancer patients and reduces the setback. Families that understand the child and help him/her get out of isolation, and make the world more appealing by supporting him/her psychologically, families that always reassure the child and inform him/her that feelings of sadness and fear is completely natural in these difficult moments, those families contribute significantly to the speed of case recovery. Providing medication for the child is not enough to cure the case unless it is accompanied with psychological support.
Osteoporosis leads to weakness of the bones rendering them brittle, to the point that just do very simple acts require the least amount of pressure, as leaning forward or lifting an object or even a cough, can cause fractures in the bones. The reason for osteoporosis, in most cases, is lack of calcium and phosphorus levels, or the lack of other minerals in the bones.
Despite the common belief that this disease affects only women, but osteoporosis may affect men as well. In addition to people with osteoporosis, there are also many people who suffer from decreased bone density
* Symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
Back pain, may be a sharp pain in the event of a crack or collapse in paragraphs.
Weight loss over time, with the curvature of stature.
Fractures in vertebrae, in the joints of the palms of the hands, in the pelvis or in other bones
* Factors that may increase the risk of osteoporosis
Gender: risk of fractures caused by osteoporosis in women is twice the rate of men, especially at menopause.
Age: aging increase risk of osteoporosis, as bones weaken with old age
Family history: Osteoporosis is a disease of genetic predisposition
The risk of osteoporosis Increase in men and women with weak body structure
Eating disorders as anorexia, drugs like corticosteroids, excessive thyroid hormone:,, sedentary life style, excessive consumption of soft drinks, alcohol consumption.
* Treatment of osteoporosis
.Hormonal treatments, physiotherapy, and consumption of adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D
*Prevention Of osteoporosis:
Increase physical activity and reduce the consumption of caffeine,
Add soy products to the list of daily food.
Refrain from smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages
Adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin (d) consumption, which is necessary to stimulate the absorption of calcium in the body
International Diabetes Federation launched a campaign of World Diabetes Day 2016 under the theme (Eyes on diabetes), it is designed to spread awareness of the disease to: People with diabetes and their families, people who are at risk of developing diabetes, health decision-makers, health educators of diabetes, and all segments of society. The campaign focus on promotion of two main messages:
*The importance of disclosure, and examination of Type II diabetes, to reduce the risk of complications.
*Detection of complications of diabetes, and the development of the treatment plan for all kinds.
The federation estimates in 2015, about 193 million people, or nearly half of adults with diabetes are unaware of their illness, and most of those are infected with type II. And whenever a patient diagnosed early, he had to treat it faster and are able to reduce the risk of harmful and costly complications.
The diabetes is considered one of the main causes of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure and many other illnesses. Unfortunately, more than a third of the world's population is infected with diabetes both types; and the number of people with diabetes increased four times since 1980, and has spread all over the world, partly because of the rise in overweight and obese people, with a lack of physical activity.
Many complications of diabetes can be prevented or delayed if the disease was discovered in the early stages; through maintaining stable blood sugar, cholesterol and pressure. Complications could also be prevented by following healthy diets, regular physical activity, maintaining an appropriate weight and avoiding tobacco.
Number of people infected with diabetes in Saudi Arabia, according to a survey of health information for the year 2013, is about 1,851,080 people over the age of 15 years. The number is estimated to be increased to more than 4.300000 people in 2030 (God forbid) if health promotion and health care measures are not taken to surround the disease to limit its spread
The immune system protects the body from bacteria and viruses, but unfortunately the immune system itself is targeted with some diseases like Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). "HIV" virus attacks the immune system cells itself, making the body unprotected and leaves it as a prey for the germs. Since an infected person can transmit it as soon as it is acquired. The virus may infect many people before discovery of the virus, as months to years could pass before a person get diagnosed. First indications of AIDS mostly are pneumonia and lymph nodes’ tumors.
Origin: It is believed that the AIDS virus is an upgraded version of a virus that infects monkeys. In parts of West Africa these animals were eaten, so the virus was transmitted via contaminated blood to humans
Modes of infection: the virus is transmitted via: sexual contact with infected persons through their fluid, sharing contaminated needles as with drug addicts, transfusion of HIV infected blood, using unsterilized medical instruments, or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.
Stages of the disease and its symptoms:
Initial Infection: occurs when the virus enters the body the first time, within two months the patient develops influenza-like symptoms.
Incubation : the virus is present in the body but without symptoms, at this stage virus multiplies and begins to destroy the immune system, the person is a carrier of the disease, this stage could last for years, after which the immune system gets exhausted and manifestations of the disease begin.
AIDS stage: the immune system is destroyed by the virus, the body becomes vulnerable to any infection , symptoms and signs appear: high fever, cough, weight loss, fatigue, diarrhea, shortness of breath, night sweats, headache, rash, white spots on tongue and mouth, infection by unusual germs.
Complications: Exposure to lethal diseases as tuberculosis, pneumonia and diseases of the nervous system, kidneys, rare fungal infections and cancer.
Treatment: There is no complete cure for AIDS, but there are drugs to limit virus spread, and alleviate symptoms of the acquired diseases , and therefore it improves the quality of life of the patient .There is no treatment to prevent the virus from being transferred to other parties.
Prevention: Abstinence and staying away from illicit relationships, no narcotics, a person should make sure of sterilization of instruments used in any medical procedure, and make sure to use a new needle in every injection.
It is an international day devoted by the United Nations since 1992 to support persons with disabilities. The day aims to increase understanding of disability issues, and grants rights for people suffering from it. It also calls for raising awareness of the introducing people with disabilities to the political, economic and cultural life...
Studies indicate that there are approximately 1.5 million disabled persons in kingdom Saudi Arabia (according to the Ministry of Health) which is a normal percentage compared to the international average level of disabilities in the communities which is up to 15%
People with special needs are the people who have any condition that limits their ability to perform one function or more of the functions that are essential in everyday life; such as: caring for themselves, practice of social relations or economic activities within normal limits.
Objectives of the International Day of Disabled Persons:
Promoting the awareness of the rights of persons with special needs in all areas: education, rehabilitation, sports, recreation, and physical. and the importance of community integration.
Promoting the awareness among various segments of society of how much we could gains from the integration of persons with special needs in all aspects of life: political, social, economic, and cultural,.
Enhance confidence of persons with special needs in themselves and their abilities, by identifying the main obstacles they face in their daily life; and facilitating and supporting their participation in the various activities
Provide psychosocial support to them and their families also provide awareness about the educational and rehabilitative programs. .
Exchange ideas, insights and experiences and to review ways and means to develop the partnership between the family and service centers..